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Citing Sources: APA 7th Edition (2020)

Note on APA Editions

Check your course syllabus or ask your instructor which edition of APA should be used for your coursework. APA 6th Edition came out in 2010, and has been the standard for the past decade in the social sciences. APA 7th Edition came out in October 2019, and some instructors may choose to continue using 6th Edition through the end of the 2019-2020 academic year. Click the tab at the top of the Libguide that corresponds to the edition of APA your instructor requires. If you have questions, ask a librarian.

Jefferson College Instructional Video (Notes and Slides)

APA Style Blog

Citing Sources

A Note on Other Sources

Since scientific research must be timely, the article is a focus of the APA style manual. There are also rules for citing books, interviews, and all manner of other materials. Please check the style manual or ask your librarian if you need help citing your sources. Also, take a look at the rules for APA style to get a sense of how your paper should be formatted.

Jefferson College Instructional Video (Leslie Buck)

References in Text vs. Reference Lists

When you are citing an author's ideas, you should credit the author both in the text with a brief author-date citation, and then at the end of your paper in the reference list. If you are citing three or more authors, the first in-text citation will be a simplified version. The in-text reference might look like this:

In their article on opioid use before and after completion of a pain management program, the authors address the need to treat both the physiological and psychological impacts of pain in the patient (Nielssen et al., 2019).

You don't need to repeat the authors names in the parenthesis if you specifically list them in the sentence.

Nielson et al. (2019) address the need to treat both the physiological and psychological impacts of pain in the patient.

At the end of your paper, you will want to use the full citation in your references list

It will look like this:

Cite tool

Most of our databases (including PsycARTICLES) allow you to click on the cite tool (see above) to create a citation formatted in your chosen style. After you create this citation for your reference list, be sure to check it with the APA style manual just to make sure it is correct.

APA Style

APA is the citation style designed and maintained by the American Psychological Association.  It is generally used by people in the social sciences including psychology, social work, and sociology.  APA style focuses on maintaining scientific rigor, and has numerous rules to limit plagiarism and to make scholarly communication concise and usable.  The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. is available at the Library's Circulation Desk Reserves shelf. If you need assistance, please ask your librarian.

Check out this video tutorial on the basics of APA style.

APA 7th Edition Tutorials

Major Changes

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