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One of the first lesbian organizations to be established. Founded in San Francisco in 1955, the organization took its name from a collection of poems written by Pierre Louÿs called Songs of Bilitis. Bilitis was a female character who was romantically associated with Sappho, the female Greek lyric poet.
June 28-29, 1969: Violent clashes between several thousand angry protesters and the New York City police at the Stonewall Inn bar in Greenwich Village. For many, the riot represents the birth of the gay and lesbian rights movement.
DADT byname for the former official U.S. policy (1993–2011) regarding the service of homosexuals in the military. The term was coined after Pres. Bill Clinton in 1993 signed a law (consisting of statute, regulations, and policy memoranda) directing that military personnel “don’t ask, don’t tell, don’t pursue, and don’t harass.” When it went into effect on October 1, 1993, the policy theoretically lifted a ban on homosexual service that had been instituted during World War II, though in effect it continued a statutory ban. In December 2010 both the House of Representatives and the Senate voted to repeal the policy, and Pres. Barack Obama signed the legislation on December 22. The policy officially ended on September 20, 2011.' (Encyclopedia Britannica- WEB)
(DOMA), byname of U.S. Public Law 104-199., law in force from 1996 to 2013 that specifically denied to same-sex couples all benefits and recognition given to opposite-sex couples. Those benefits included more than 1,000 federal protections and privileges, such as the legal recognition of relationships, access to a partner’s employment benefits, rights of inheritance, joint tax returns and tax exemptions, immigration or residency for noncitizen partners, next-of-kin status, protection from domestic violence, and the right to live together in military or college housing.
(AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power) is an organization founded to combat the spread of the AIDS epidemic in 1987. It continues to pursue advocacy for AIDS awareness and treatment, with over 70 chapters around the world.